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Executive Director’s message on COVID 19


Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new strain that was discovered in 2019 and has not been previously identified in humans.

Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.

Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.

Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.


Caritas Covid Impact Fund


Safety Guidelines




Frequently Asked Questions

Coronavirus is a large family of viruses that can infect animals or humans. In humans, several strains of viruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to severe diseases such as the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered strain is called SARS-CoV-2 strain that is causing COVID19 as it is similar to the SARS-CoV strain that had caused the SARS outbreak.

  • MERS is caused by MERS-CoV SARS is caused by SARS-CoV.
  • COVID19 is caused by Novel SARS-CoV-2.
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COVID19 or Coronavirus Disease 2019 is a disease caused by the Novel SARS-CoV-2 strain of the Coronavirus family. Here Novel indicates ‘new and not known before’ for the strain.

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COVID19’s most common signs and symptoms are:

Mild symptoms

  • Fever
  • Tiredness or fatigue
  • Dry cough
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Diarrhea (loose motions)

Symptoms that need immediate attention

  • Shortness of breath (severe cases)
  • Chest congestion (severe cases)
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The communicability of the disease is high because of mainly three factors:

  • People are thought to be most contagious when they are sickpeople are thought to be most contagious when they are sick,but it can also spread before the symptoms appear as some people may just be the carriers.
  • Studies suggest that coronaviruses may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days and it may vary under different conditions.
  • The mode of transmission is through simple touch and inhalation of droplets (Airborne) containing the virus.
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COVID19 and the seasonal flu do share certain similar symptoms. In case of Influenza, symptoms appear quickly and severely within a span of 3 days of being infected by the virus. In case of COVID19 the symptoms appear gradually and therefore it is difficult to detect in its early stages.


  • The mode of transmission for both the viruses are similar that is through touch and inhalation of droplets containing the virus.
  • The symptoms like runny nose, fever, headache, runny nose, etc are also common to both the diseases.


  • The influenza virus has shorter incubation period (the time from infection to appearance of symptoms) whereas the incubation period of the Novel Coronavirus is 3 to 6 days and in some cases 14 to 15 days.
  • The influenza virus spreads faster comparatively to COVID19 as children are the main drivers of the infection but in case of COVID19 the demographic that is currently manifesting symptoms are adults and older people. The virulence in children is still under observation.
  • In case of Influenza symptoms appear quickly and severely within a span of 3 days of being infected by the virus. In case of COVID19 the symptoms appear gradually and therefore it is easy difficult to detect in its early stages.

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The most vulnerable to COVID19 are:

  • Children under 10 years of age.
  • Elderly above 65 Years of age.
  • People who have compromised immunity due to underlying diseases that affect lungs, liver, kidneys, heart, etc.
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Maintaining social distance and following proper hand hygiene.

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The COVID19 has already been declared a pandemic. The number of cases has increased exponentially therefore, social distancing should be mandatorily practiced as a precaution. Limiting interactions with everyone is important as the onus to prevent the spread of a contagious disease like COVID19 lies with each one of us.

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Yes, it is safe to eat non-vegetarian food. It is a good practice to consume properly cooked meat. Boiling and cooking food is a safe practice to eliminate micro-organisms.

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A face mask is only recommended to those who are infected or feel unwell to minimize cross-contamination. Otherwise, face masks should only be used if it can be changed at regular intervals, that is within an hour of wearing it.

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There is no specific medicine as of now to prevent or treat coronavirus disease (COVID19). People may need supportive care to help them breathe. Prevention through sanitizing hands and social distancing are the best measures to prevent the spread of the disease.

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If you have mild symptoms then stay at home until you have recovered. You can relieve your symptoms by:

  • Rest and sleep.
  • Keep Warm.
  • Drink plenty of liquids.
  • Gargle with warm water

In case of severe symptoms like shortness of breath, feeling of tightness in the chest, etc please seek immediate help at the various testing centers in your city.

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DO THE FIVE – Help stop Coronavirus

  • a. HANDS – Wash them often.
  • b. ELBOW – Cough into it.
  • c. FACE – Don’t touch it.
  • d. SPACE – Keep a safe distance.
  • e. FEEL – sick? Stay home (source: mohfw).
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Social distancing is physical distancing with social solidarity which is a key to prevent the spread of the disease. In other words, reduce the amount of interaction people have while allowing them to carry out their necessary day to day activities. All should practice social distancing for the greater good.

Ways to maintain social distance:

  • Self-quarantine (maintain 3 feet or one-meter distance from other people).
  • Try to Work from home.
  • Try not to gather in large numbers.
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Self-isolation is done when a person is conclusively diagnosed with COVID19 or any other contagion. Isolation can be done at homes or in hospitals to prevent spread to other people.

Quarantine is done when people who are not necessarily sick or symptomatic but have been in contact with people who have already been declared positive for COVID19 are on lockdown or are restricted to move to prevent spread.

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State/UT List
Andhra Pradesh
1. Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati.
2. Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar islands.
3. GMC, Anantapur, AP.
4. Regional Medical Research Centre, Port Blair, Andaman, and Nicobar Assam.
5. Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati.
6. Regional Medical Research Center, Dibrugarh, Bihar.
7. Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Chandigarh.
8. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh.
9. All India Institute Medical Sciences, Raipur, Delhi-NCT.
10. All India Institute Medical Sciences, Delhi.
11. National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi Gujarat.
12. BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad.
13. M.P.Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar, Haryana.
14. Pt. B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Inst. of Med. Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana.
15. BPS Govt Medical College, Sonipat, Himachal Pradesh.
16. Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh.
17. Dr.Rajendra Prasad Govt. Med. College, Kangra, Tanda, HP, Jammu and Kashmir.
18. Sher‐e‐Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar.
19. Government Medical College, Jammu, Jharkhand.
20. MGM Medical College, Jamshedpur, Karnataka.
21. Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Bangalore.
22. National Institute of Virology Field Unit Bangalore.
23. Mysore Medical College & Research Institute, Mysore.
24. Hassan Inst. of Med. Sciences, Hassan, Karnataka.
25. Shimoga Inst. of Med. Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka, Kerala.
26. National Institute of Virology Field Unit, Kerala.
27. Govt. Medical College, Thriuvananthapuram, Kerala.
28. Govt. Medical College, Kozhikhode, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh.
29. All India Institute Medical Sciences, Bhopal.
30. National Institute of Research in Tribal Health (NIRTH), Jabalpur, Meghalaya.
31. NEIGRI of Health and Medical Sciences, Shillong, Meghalaya, Maharashtra.
32. Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur.
33. Kasturba Hospital for Infectious Diseases, Mumbai, Manipur.
34. J N Inst. of Med. Sciences Hospital, Imphal‐East, Manipur, Odisha.
35. Regional Medical Research Center, Bhubaneswar, Puducherry.
36. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry, Punjab.
37. Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab.
38. Government Medical College, Amritsar, Rajasthan.
39. Sawai Man Singh, Jaipur.
40. Dr. S.N Medical College, Jodhpur.
41. Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar, Rajasthan.
42. SP Med. College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu.
43. King’s Institute of Preventive Medicine & Research, Chennai.
44. Government Medical College, Theni, Tripura.
45. Government Medical College, Agartala, Telangana.
46. Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad, Uttar Pradesh.
47. King’s George Medical University, Lucknow.
48. Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
49. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh, Uttarakhand.
50. Government Medical College, Haldwani, West Bengal.
51. National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata.
52. IPGMER, Kolkata.

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No. As of today, no vaccine has been developed to prevent COVID19.

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Visit a hospital only in an emergency. Please visit the Ministry of health and welfare website to find out more about the various referral services available.

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