Coronavirus is a large family of viruses that can infect animals or humans. In humans, several strains of viruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to severe diseases such as the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered strain is called SARS-CoV-2 strain that is causing COVID19 as it is similar to the SARS-CoV strain that had caused the SARS outbreak.
COVID19 or Coronavirus Disease 2019 is a disease caused by the Novel SARS-CoV-2 strain of the Coronavirus family. Here Novel indicates ‘new and not known before’ for the strain.
COVID19’s most common signs and symptoms are:
The communicability of the disease is high because of mainly three factors:
COVID19 and the seasonal flu do share certain similar symptoms. In case of Influenza, symptoms appear quickly and severely within a span of 3 days of being infected by the virus. In case of COVID19 the symptoms appear gradually and therefore it is difficult to detect in its early stages.
The most vulnerable to COVID19 are:
Maintaining social distance and following proper hand hygiene.
The COVID19 has already been declared a pandemic. The number of cases has increased exponentially therefore, social distancing should be mandatorily practiced as a precaution. Limiting interactions with everyone is important as the onus to prevent the spread of a contagious disease like COVID19 lies with each one of us.
Yes, it is safe to eat non-vegetarian food. It is a good practice to consume properly cooked meat. Boiling and cooking food is a safe practice to eliminate micro-organisms.
A face mask is only recommended to those who are infected or feel unwell to minimize cross-contamination. Otherwise, face masks should only be used if it can be changed at regular intervals, that is within an hour of wearing it.
There is no specific medicine as of now to prevent or treat coronavirus disease (COVID19). People may need supportive care to help them breathe. Prevention through sanitizing hands and social distancing are the best measures to prevent the spread of the disease.
If you have mild symptoms then stay at home until you have recovered. You can relieve your symptoms by:
In case of severe symptoms like shortness of breath, feeling of tightness in the chest, etc please seek immediate help at the various testing centers in your city.
DO THE FIVE – Help stop Coronavirus
Social distancing is physical distancing with social solidarity which is a key to prevent the spread of the disease. In other words, reduce the amount of interaction people have while allowing them to carry out their necessary day to day activities. All should practice social distancing for the greater good.
Ways to maintain social distance:
Self-isolation is done when a person is conclusively diagnosed with COVID19 or any other contagion. Isolation can be done at homes or in hospitals to prevent spread to other people.
Quarantine is done when people who are not necessarily sick or symptomatic but have been in contact with people who have already been declared positive for COVID19 are on lockdown or are restricted to move to prevent spread.
1. Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati.
2. Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar islands.
3. GMC, Anantapur, AP.
4. Regional Medical Research Centre, Port Blair, Andaman, and Nicobar Assam.
5. Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati.
6. Regional Medical Research Center, Dibrugarh, Bihar.
7. Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Chandigarh.
8. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh.
9. All India Institute Medical Sciences, Raipur, Delhi-NCT.
10. All India Institute Medical Sciences, Delhi.
11. National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi Gujarat.
12. BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad.
13. M.P.Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar, Haryana.
14. Pt. B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Inst. of Med. Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana.
15. BPS Govt Medical College, Sonipat, Himachal Pradesh.
16. Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh.
17. Dr.Rajendra Prasad Govt. Med. College, Kangra, Tanda, HP, Jammu and Kashmir.
18. Sher‐e‐Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar.
19. Government Medical College, Jammu, Jharkhand.
20. MGM Medical College, Jamshedpur, Karnataka.
21. Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Bangalore.
22. National Institute of Virology Field Unit Bangalore.
23. Mysore Medical College & Research Institute, Mysore.
24. Hassan Inst. of Med. Sciences, Hassan, Karnataka.
25. Shimoga Inst. of Med. Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka, Kerala.
26. National Institute of Virology Field Unit, Kerala.
27. Govt. Medical College, Thriuvananthapuram, Kerala.
28. Govt. Medical College, Kozhikhode, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh.
29. All India Institute Medical Sciences, Bhopal.
30. National Institute of Research in Tribal Health (NIRTH), Jabalpur, Meghalaya.
31. NEIGRI of Health and Medical Sciences, Shillong, Meghalaya, Maharashtra.
32. Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur.
33. Kasturba Hospital for Infectious Diseases, Mumbai, Manipur.
34. J N Inst. of Med. Sciences Hospital, Imphal‐East, Manipur, Odisha.
35. Regional Medical Research Center, Bhubaneswar, Puducherry.
36. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry, Punjab.
37. Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab.
38. Government Medical College, Amritsar, Rajasthan.
39. Sawai Man Singh, Jaipur.
40. Dr. S.N Medical College, Jodhpur.
41. Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar, Rajasthan.
42. SP Med. College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu.
43. King’s Institute of Preventive Medicine & Research, Chennai.
44. Government Medical College, Theni, Tripura.
45. Government Medical College, Agartala, Telangana.
46. Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad, Uttar Pradesh.
47. King’s George Medical University, Lucknow.
48. Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
49. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh, Uttarakhand.
50. Government Medical College, Haldwani, West Bengal.
51. National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata.
52. IPGMER, Kolkata.
No. As of today, no vaccine has been developed to prevent COVID19.
Visit a hospital only in an emergency. Please visit the Ministry of health and welfare website to find out more about the various referral services available.
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