Wisdom of Life

Gram Nirman



TIMELINE: Duration: 3 years, Date of Inception: 1st July 2017 and Date of Finish: 30th June 2020.

‘Gram Nirman’ (i.e. ‘Building the Villages’) – in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. The main aim of the program is the Tribal of both states should enjoy life with dignity. The programme is designed to support the Tribal communities to achieve socio-economic wellbeing, through socially and politically dynamic participation in decision making bodies (Gram Sabha) and being sensitized to the needs of the most vulnerable communities. Tribal are more vulnerable and marginalized due to the poor socio-economic conditions in terms of work-participation, access to various eligible government entitlements and flagship programs…

The programme also meant to minimize the level of alienation and marginalization of the communities and enhance their collective actions towards enabling them for better bargaining power with local governance system.

The programme will focus more in promoting peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels (SDG 16), partly achieve food security, promote sustainable agriculture considering women empowerment and involvement in decision making (SDG 2 & 5) process at community level. The intervention will also contribute on gender equality concerns, inclusive approach (SDG Goals 5 and 16) and on Climate change (SDG 13).

Implementing Partners:


  • 1. Xavier Inst of Social action (XISA).
  • 2. Samarthan Centre for development support (SCDS).
  • 3. Bastar Sewak Mandal.
  • 4. Gramin Vikas Kendra Kunkuri.
  • 5. Asha Association in Surguja for human advancement (AASHA).


  • 1. Catholic Charities, Ranchi (CCR).
  • 2. Vikas Kendra, Simdega (VKS).
  • 3. Catholic Charities, Jamshedpur (CCJsr).
  • 4. ShramajiviMahila Samity, Dumuria (SMS).
  • 5. Jan Vikas Kendra, Hazaribag (JVK)&.
  • 6. Samaj Vikas Sansthan, Chandwa (SVS).

(Total: 11 Partners)

Geographical coverage:
Districts: 1. Raipur, 2. Baster, 3. Jashpur and 4. Ambikapur in Chhattisgarh & 1. Ranchi, 2. Simdega, 3. Jamshedpur,4. Hazaribagh and 5. Daltengunj in Jharkhand.

Demographic Reach:

Sl. No Content Chhattisgarh Jharkhand Total
1 Total Number of villages 74 63 137
2 Total Number of Gram Panchayat 47 14 61
3 Total Number of Blocks 6 5 11
4 Total Number of Districts 6 5 11
5 Total covered Population 70953 52146 123099
6 Total Households 13862 9918 23780
7 Male & Female (population) M: 35829 & F: 35730 M: 26660 & F: 25486 123705
8 Total ST Population 57587 33937 91524
9 Rest (SC/Dalit, OBC & Gen) 13972 18209 32181

Highlights of the Program:

  • Strengthening of Community Institution: Formation of various groups and clubs such SHG, FC, FPO, CP/CC, VC, MM.
  • Access to various social Entitlements: Facilitating the community for various government entitlements and facilities.
  • Considerable progress towards empowering the communities of marginalized sections and women to participate in decision making platforms.
  • Programme meant to be address multisectoral issues related to local governance system, participative decision-making process, access to rights and entitlements, livelihood security, strengthen of civil society org, emphasis laid on women and vulnerable households, specially widows, widowers, PLWDS etc.
  • Interface meeting and coordination with different government departments.
  • Collective farming and adoption of Improved agricultural Techniques.
  • Promotion of Kitchen / Backyard or Nutrition Garden: More than 3700 family’s backyard kitchen gardens of which about 3100 families belong to marginalized farm families.
  • Initiating petty business to augment the household’s income by numerous means: A total of 88 families started collective farming of MFP’S and more than 100 families started and are engaged in small business enterprises.

Source: Annual progress report (July 18 – June 19).


  • 20,197 individuals have improved access to various government entitlements.
  • 1610 village institutions were made functional.
  • A total of 355 Gram Sabha’s was organized, out of which 277 were with its full quorum.
  • 256 Gram Sabha’s were chaired by the traditional leaders and 6 were chaired by women leaders.
  • 74 village institutions have approved resource management plan.
  • 3781 farming families are growing nutritional / kitchen garden at their backyard.
  • 95 groups (37 men and 58 women) have enhanced their income through collective farming. Non-farm activities have also enhanced the income.
  • 105 families have started small business enterprises, 88 families have adopted collective marketing of NTFP.
  • 9495 families have improved their income earning through off-farm, forest and other possible means.
  • 2413 marginalized farmers are practicing two or more crops from the same field in a year.